1851 England and Wales census parishes, townships and places

Satchell, A.E.M and Kitson, P.K and Newton, G.H and Shaw-Taylor, L. and Wrigley, E.A (2016). 1851 England and Wales census parishes, townships and places. [Data Collection]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive. 10.5255/UKDA-SN-852232

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These data were created as part of a research program directed by Leigh Shaw-Taylor and Tony Wrigley, which aims ultimately to reconstruct the evolution of the occupational structure of Britain from the late medieval period down to the early twentieth century.

Data description (abstract)

This GIS shapefile provides boundary and attribute data for the parishes and places enumerated in the 1851 census for England and Wales. These data derive from the 173 digital maps of the boundaries of English and Welsh parishes and their subdivisions produced to a very high standard by Roger Kain and Richard Oliver in 2001, which was expertly converted into a single GIS of some 28000 polygons by Burton et al in 2004. However, what they produced was not yet ready for the mapping of census data due to a modest number (<10%) of administrative units which either lacked boundaries, were unlocated, had labelling errors, or incorrect census numbers. The Occupational Structure of Britain c.1379-1911 research programme undertook the task of enhancing the Burton et al. GIS to provide a comprehensive shapefile of parish and places as listed in the 1851 and 1831 censuses for the mapping of demographic and occupational data with tolerable accuracy for the whole of England and Wales. To this end it was also decided to add additional attributes concerning counties, hundreds and boroughs in 1831, counties in 1851 and registration sub-districts, districts and counties in 1851 from which shapefiles of these different larger scale administrative units could be assembled.

Creator NameEmailAffiliationORCID (as URL)
Satchell, A.E.Maems2@cam.ac.ukThe Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structurehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3340-9825
Kitson, P.KUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Newton, G.Hghn22@cam.ac.ukThe Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social StructureUnspecified
Shaw-Taylor, L.lmws2@cam.ac.ukThe Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structurehttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3703-7689
Wrigley, E.Aeaw20@cam.ac.ukThe Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social StructureUnspecified
Research funders: Economic and Social Research Council, The Leverhulme Trust, The British Academy
Grant reference: RES-000-23-1579
Subjects: Major studies and data
Population, vital statistics and censuses
Reference and instructional resources
Keywords: census data, digitized map data, maps, parishes, towns, boundaries, enumeration districts, geography, GIS, hundreds, counties, 1851, 1831
Project title: The changing occupation structure of nineteenth century Britain.
Grant holders: Dr Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Professor Tony Wrigley
Project dates:
1 March 200628 February 2009
Date published: 08 Mar 2016 11:30
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:46

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